Green Architectural Elements
Posted on: 2012-07-19
All of us are pretty much aware of the water shortage across the globe.
The climatic changes have reduced the extent of rainfall in many parts
of the world and are reaching their extremes. There are either droughts
or floods but not proper rainfall. Due to urbanization, the demand for
Water forms are the major part of the ever increasing
demand which we are not able to satisfy. The availability of fresh water
for drinking purposes is falling short and is unable to meet the demand
for water supply. That is why we should learn how to conserve water.
Using waterless urinals, low flush or dual flush water closets, and tap
magic for the interior, sustainable landscaping, drip irrigation, water
control and xeriscaping for the exterior, and rainwater harvesting, soak
ways, swales and infiltration ponds for stormwater reuse are some
strategies to reduce water consumption and preserve the quality of water.
Large quantities of waste are generated by construction of a typical
building. Green buildings are designed to minimize waste by using
recycling construction and demolition materials, reuse, conserve,
disassembly and reusing salvaged materials.
It seeks to create no
wastes either during construction or use, so the impact on the
environment and resources are minimized. Steel and glass are among the
most recyclable materials possible.
Site selection plays a critical role in green design. A green building is
located to take advantage of its climate and surroundings which would not
only affect the efficiency of a building but also the community and
society. By selecting a sustainable site for a particular type and size of
a project, it would reduce the consumption of energy resources and still
create an efficient structure. Before building a structure one must think
of the before and after of a project.
The before would include
transportation of facilities, availability of local or natural materials
to reduce construction and transportation costs, rate of population growth
and urbanization in that particular area and the town planning and
environmental condition. This also includes the accessibility to different
places such as parks, playgrounds, transportation, work, schools and
public buildings to lessen the use of cars. The after would include the
maintenance, community relationship, the operation of the use of the
house or building has lessened dependence on electricity for its basic
needs. The design allows passive and active cooling, the maximum use of
daylight and reduced need for energy- guzzling building systems.
A good test for a house or building being green would be during a power
shortage or blackout. Without air conditioning it would be extremely
Without artificial lighting, carrying out work inside would
be impossible. However with these situations, a green house or building
would still be a functional home or office since its design process
considered the principles of Green Architecture.
Renewable energy refers to energy resources that occur naturally and
repeatedly in the environmental and can be harnessed for human benefit.
Examples of renewable energy systems include solar, wind, and geothermal
energy (getting energy from the heat in the Earth). We also get renewable
energy from trees, plants, rivers, and even garbage.
The physical well-being of the occupants is the primary concern. Its area
of concern is the general atmosphere within a house/building. For example,
stale air is not healthy to breathe for long periods of time. Had the
design of the house/building been better, such a problem could have been
Hazardous building materials are also avoided by this principle.
Applying Indoor air quality, Visual quality, Acoustic quality, Noise
control, Controllability of systems it would create pleasant surrounding
for the people. By applying these designs, the building would allow free
air flow. Indoor environment should also create an indoor and outdoor
relationship to create connection with the nature.
MATERIALS & RESOURCES
Green architecture also considers the use of material that will not waste
energy in its production, transport and use in construction. Example would
be using local wood materials rather than exporting all the way . There is
locally sourced wood available that is just as good. Woods should be
harvested from supervision of forestry, not from kaingin type.
Green materials also involve the use of nontoxic and renewable materials
so that natural resources are not depleted, and rainforests would not be
denuded. It would also help to recycle building materials like wood
planks, blocks, doors, support beams, as well as window frames, re-use
existing buildings and structures wherever possible. An architect must
also design a project for long term, with ease of maintenance and can
adapt to changing of needs or function.